The Casino Bonuses of Online Casinos Directory

If you are a fan of casino games, you might want to know that this experience is brought on to a whole new level. With the great advancement that the world’s technology has gone through, you can now play casino games over the Internet. There are some casinos which have developed online versions of the games that they offer. Among these are roulette, bingo, poker, blackjack, slot machines, and craps. With the convenience that online casino games bring, you won’t have to travel anymore so that you can gamble.

There are lots of online casinos over the Internet. There are some which you are quite familiar with; while there are some which you are not sure of. In order for you to know for certain that the online casino you are playing at has 안전공원 great service, log on to Online Casinos Directory, which is a site which offers a checklist on what you need to know regarding your choice on online casinos. It also offers a review on five most famous online casinos. Through this list, you will know where the best offers are at.

One of the checklists that Online Casinos Directory provides features a list of casino bonuses. Casino bonuses are only found on online casinos. The bonuses are offered to online gamblers as a way of welcoming them to the online casino. It serves as a reward for the first deposit that you make. Furthermore, bonuses will urge you to play some more. There are even some casinos which give out incentives or bonuses for the succeeding deposits that you have done when you return to play at the online casino. When you are a returning player, you will be benefited by the comp system of the online casino. Through this system, you will be given a “cash back” if you decide to continue with the game. Not all online casinos offer the same rules or requirements regarding the bonuses that they give out.

Online Casinos Directory provides information on bonuses, so that you will know the right thing to do to get these. One of the great bonuses that online casinos offer is “no deposit bonus”. Through this bonus, you will be able to gamble online even if you can’t deposit your own money. However, there are some requirements which you have to stick to. First, the games that follow this bonus are limited. Next, the wages that you have to place should be higher and have to meet the requirements. The money that you can withdraw is also limited. If ever the online casino lets you keep your winnings, you have to use it to play again.

When you are able to cash out your first winnings, this means that you now have your own money you can use as a deposit for the next game. Though there are more wagering requirements that you have to comply with, there is a soothing reassurance that you will be able to cash out more when you win again.

The Benefits of Online Casinos

One of the best benefits that come from using online casinos is the casino bonuses. These are the incentives that online casinos give in order to attract new customers and pull customers from other casinos. These bonuses range from cash to game plays and a variety of other upgrades and features.

The purpose of them of course is to get individuals to play the games and join the casinos. Some casino bonuses are given right away others after certain criteria are met. These can either be taken out directly as a 카지노사이트 withdrawal or some are casino based online.

The most often sought after is going to be the cash bonuses. This is because they are usually the ones that can actually be withdrawn from the casino. They are not “pretend” or virtual credits that can be used for game play only. While these casino bonuses are designed to be used to play the games at the casino they can be withdrawn depending on the bonuses there could be all or a portion that is available for instant transfer while the rest becomes available after you complete certain tasks.

For example, some casinos will leave you with a cash bonus of a certain amount. The initial deposit however is less than the bonus offered. Once you make a deposit or play a certain number of games, wager so much then the rest of the bonus becomes available to you. This is one of the other methods that casinos use to fight against scalpers.

Technically anyone who joins a casino just for the bonus money is a scalper but there are legitimate ways to go about doing it that will not get you into trouble financially in order to accomplish your goal and can make you several thousand a month with little trouble.

The key is to know how to work the system and to do that you will need a good guide to casino bonuses that can provide you with the information that you need to successful work the system that is behind casino bonuses.

Also you should not ignore casino bonuses that are not cash often times if played right with the right games you can easily turn these bonuses into cash. This is why it is important to have a good guide to the online casino bonuses it will show you how to spot a good casino, how to avoid scams and how to make the most out of the bonuses that you receive.

Casino Games

Online casinos with live dealer casino games are still very expensive for the gambling businesses. In ordinary online casino a simple server will cope with hundreds and thousands of casino players, but as for the live dealer casino games it is more troublesome. To run the business it is necessary to have premises, special equipment (video cameras, real casino tables, etc.), smart dealers, powerful servers for video coding, equipment to broadcast the video online. All that, of course, increases the costs of live dealer casino games many times. That is why online casinos are offering its players only limited number of the 먹튀검증 games with live dealers. Besides the games would be the most popular ones. One more thing worrying the gambling businesses more than the costs of the games is confidence in the honesty of the online casino games. Majority of players believe that there is more chances to beat online casino with live dealer roulette or blackjack casino games than with a pure computer dealer simulation.

And one more important issue is whether the games are suitable for a video performance. Maybe, most popular casino games are slots (slot-machines). Fundamentally, it is easy to make a video version of the slots: install a camera in front of the slot-machine, launch an indefinite spins of the reels and everything’s all right. But players prefer slots because of their variety. They would hardly like one slot, but many slots it is too expensive for a casino. Besides online casino video slots are just the same as offline analogues. That’s online casinos with live dealer casino games do not offer slot games.

Rather different situation with one of the most famous and popular game – roulette. The nature of the game seen to be perfect for a games with live dealer. Apart of the popularity “live” roulette has some advantages over a computer one. First of all, if a player lost his money it is easy to blame online casino for manipulating the game in casino’s favour by utilising rigged software. The live roulette allows to remove any doubts. Besides some professional players are able to improve their odds by identifying mechanical irregularity of the wheel, tracking the dealer’s hand spinning the wheel, manner to threw the ball, etc.

Technically it is easy to run a online casino with live dealer roulette games. The casino will need only one table with web cams installed. And indeed, in reality it would be uncomfortable for several gamblers to play at one table, no place to stand, the stake area is limited. Live roulette allows any number of gamblers.

The blackjack, maybe, somewhat dominates over the roulette in its popularity. In the blackjack the casino domination is much less than in the roulette that is why some houses would rather undervalue it artificially. Playing blackjack with live dealer a player is capable significantly multiply chances to win with help of the cards counting.

Casinos And Love – How They Are The Same

The smartest way to get started is to simply create a casino website, and use only original content next to advertisements of your chosen or best paying casino affiliate programs. Creating content that was originally written by you or copywriter is the most important step to get listed on search engines, especially if you can target specific keywords with each article or an add that you post up. Keep in mind, organic-pure search engine traffic is basically free, so try to gain as much as you can out of it.

For example, you might want to create a casino blog with online gambling playing tips, and in between each advice or two you can add a link with your affiliate code to an online casino that you’re promoting. It’s really that not complicated! Once you’ve build a web site with unique content and all promotional material as banners, text links you are ready to go public to forums, article sites, press releases and other publications online.

Casino Gaming Portals can provide a variety of online gambling categories (like casino games or poker betting tips) as well 우리카지노 as a variety of gambling sites within a category. Many people like to try different websites, and with a Gambling Portal you can give them that ability and keep them as your casino player at the same time.

Casino Gamblers are a superstitious lot. If they feel they’re having bad luck at Online Casino Treasure, then they’ll leave and try their luck at Online Casino Glamour or Imperial Casino Online. When you promote only one casino or Poker room, you may lose some bingo players who feel unlucky at that only casino. When you running a casino portal, those same casino players will settle into one of the other brands you’re promoting where they feel Best Luck is more favorable to them.

Gambling Portals keep players in control to make their own choices about where to gamble. Players like being able to make choices. It makes for a better gaming experience, and gives them a reason to return to your Portal for more news and new offers.

A good Casino Portal always offers gambling tips and information that gamblers find relevant and supportive. This provides “tackiness” and a basis for forming a long-term, loyal relationship with the casino portal.

When you have a Gambling Portal, you can pool your promotional efforts and online gambling resources into promoting just the Portal, and then let the Portal direct traffic to the various casino/poker properties. This is more cost effective than promoting each casino separately.

With a Casino Gaming Portal you can use self-marketing or up-sell techniques to take a casino player coming off a big win at Golden casino with his pockets full of cash and lead him into Europe Casino for exciting Blackjack action. It will bring even more revenue for your Casino Affiliate Partner account and higher payouts for you.

Casino Awards: 9 Reasons Why They Don’t Work & What You Can Do About It

Mention of the word ‘casino’ conjures images of risk and great risk taking in many peoples’ minds. Indeed, there are people who would very much like to participate in the various games that casinos offer to the patrons, but who are put off by the risk inherent in so doing.

Introduction to No Deposit Casinos

Typical online casinos, for instance, usually require the patrons to deposit a given amount of money (referred to in most circles as the ‘playing deposits’) – Satta from which the casinos are then able to pay the winnings to the lucky players, finance their operations (staff costs, web hosting costs in the case of online casino, and so son), and also to make a profit for their creators, the ‘house owners,’ as it were.

Satta

The way no deposits casinos work, on the other hand, however is through a system where the players don’t have to deposit any money with the ‘house’ to start playing. Some actually take the no deposit philosophy to another level, where they Matka integrate it with the increasingly popular ‘casino bonus’ system – to come up with what can be termed as a no deposit casino bonus system, in which players have a real chance to get real money out of their playing without having to put anything (besides their effort and time really) into the ‘house.’

Matka

The no deposit casino system is not game specific, and most of the no deposit casinos actually offer the whole range of games offered in the other typical casinos that demand deposits off their members, the games in question being anything from roulette to slots, blackjack and poker.

Most no deposit casinos, as indeed all types of casinos, typically don’t allow admission to minors (people under the age of 18), generally for legal reasons.

Satta Matka

To be sure, though, the no deposit casino bonus system tends to come with a few catches here and there, and it is important to read and understand the casinos terms and conditions carefully before getting in. For the most part, for instance, Satta Matka no deposit casinos will tend to put a limit to the amount of no deposit bonuses they allow – with some limiting it at as low amounts as $10. However low the amount that the no deposit casino bonus is, though, it is still ‘something for nothing’ and an opportunity to get something for free from the ‘house’ – and that, of itself, is an attractive option.

Kalyan Matka

Someone might ask what the business logic of offering the no deposit casino options is, especially keeping in mind that the casinos are definitely not charities – but highly strategic businesses. The answer to the question of how the Matka zero deposit casinos make their money lies in the understanding of the workings of ‘free samples’ marketing philosophy, where a company that is highly confident about its products offers some free samples to prospective buyers. So in a way of speaking, the no deposit casino bonus are the casino’s version of ‘free samples’ which, should the player get impressed with them, is expected to spur them to register with the casino, and thereby offer the casino the opportunity to make some money, while also giving the player the chance to earn even more money from the casino – depending on their skill and luck.

การตูนน่าดูเข้าใหม่ เรื่อง ONE PIECE STAMPEDE วันพีซ เดอะมูฟวี่ สแตมปีด

การตูนน่าดูเข้าใหม่ เรื่อง ONE PIECE STAMPEDE วันพีซ เดอะมูฟวี่ สแตมปีด

ดูหนังออนไลน์ รายสัปดาห์นี้รีวิวภาพยนตร์อนิเมชั่นโด่งดัง “One Piece Stampede” เรื่องราวการเสี่ยงอันตรายของโจรสลัดชายหนุ่มรวมทั้งผองสหาย ที่มีความสนุกสนานร่าเริงเข้มข้น ซ่อนเร้นไปด้วยแง่คิดต่างๆโดยเฉพาะอย่างยิ่งเหล่าแฟนๆไม่สมควรพลาดด้วยประการทั้งปวง

ทราบก่อนดูหนังออนไลน์อเรื่อง “One Piece Stampede” “มังกี้ ดี. ลูฟี่” หนุ่มน้อยที่ต้องการจะเก่งแบบโจรสลัดผู้มีอิทธิพล “แชงคูส” (ผมแดง) เขาเริ่มเดินทางจากสมุทร “อีสบลู” ไปค้นหาทรัพย์สมบัติขึ้นชื่อลือนาม “One Piece” พร้อมด้วยประกาศว่าเขาจะเป็นราชาโจรสลัดให้ได้ “ลูฟี่” มีพลังพิเศษร่างกายเป็นยาง เนื่องจากว่ารับประทานผลไม้อสุรกายชื่อ “โกมุ โกมุ” เข้าไป ซี่งการมีพลังพิเศษใช่ว่าจะดีนัก พวกเขามีจุดอ่อนเป็นถ้าหากพลาดตกสมุทร ก็จะไม่อาจจะว่ายช่วยเหลือตัวเองขึ้นมาได้ หรือถ้าหากว่าถูกหินที่มีชื่อว่า “หินไคโร” รุกรานใส่ร่างกาย ก็จะไม่อาจจะใช้พลังพิเศษได้เหมือนกัน (กรณีผู้ใดได้ทานผลไม้ซาตานจนได้รับความรู้ความเข้าใจไปแล้ว จะทานอีกผลมิได้ เนื่องจากจะมีผลให้ร่างกายระเบิด) ภายหลังจากเริ่มเดินทางกริ้วยะหนึ่ง “ลูฟี่” ได้มานะตามหาลูกเรือเพื่อตั้งกรุ๊ป “โจรสลัดหมวกฟาง” เขามีเพื่อนฝูงที่มากไปด้วยความสามารถเกี่ยวกับด้านต่างๆโดยเฉพาะกำลังหลักที่เป็นนักดาบสุดแข็งอย่าง “โรโรโนอา โซโร” ชายผู้ใช้วิชากระบี่ 3 เล่มต่อสู้กับศัตรู หากแม้ “โซโร” เคยฝึกหัดวิชากับนักกระบี่ชั้น 1 ของโลก อย่าง “ไม่ฮอว์ค” ชำเลืองตาเหยี่ยวมาแล้ว แม้กระนั้นเขาก็ยังจำต้องผ่านสนามรบเพื่อก้าวผ่าน “ไม่ฮอว์ค” ไปให้ได้….

เหล่าโจรสลัดหมวกฟาง ยังมีสมาชิกที่สำคัญหลายๆคนตัวอย่างเช่น ต้นหาเรือ “นามิ” แค่เพียงคุณมองดูฟ้า ก็ทราบได้ว่าอากาศจะเป็นยังไง “นามิ” นับว่าเป็นสมาชิกหญิงในพวกกลุ่มโจรสลัดหมวกฟาง ที่ไม่มีพลังต่อสู้เสมือนผู้อื่นแม้กระนั้นคุณก็ยังอาศัยตะบองพิเศษควบคุมสภาพภูมิอากาศจนถึงกำเนิดฟ้าผ่าอย่างหนักใส่ศัตรูได้, พลแม่นปืน “อุซุป” หนุ่มน้อยที่มีพลังการต่อสู้ต่ำที่สุดในกรุ๊ป แม้กระนั้นหัวข้อการดักยิงจู่โจมระยะไกลไม่แพ้คนไหนกัน แถมยังคงใช้เมล็ดพืชที่มีพลังพิเศษรุกรานศัตรูได้อย่างมีประสิทธิ์ภาพ “อุซุป” มักมีความรู้สึกว่าตนเองเป็นตัวถ่วงเพื่อนพ้อง แต่ว่าจริงๆพลังของเขามักช่วยทำให้กลับเหตุการณ์กลับมาเอาชนะศัตรูได้อย่างเหนือความหวัง, พ่อครัวประจำเรือ “วินสโมค ซันจิ” เชฟชายหนุ่มที่เป็นลูกชายของครอบครัวมือสังหาร มีพลังการต่อสุดเข้มแข็ง เขาไม่ยินยอมใช้มือสู้เพราะเหตุว่ามั่นใจว่ามือเอาไว้ใช้ทำกับข้าวแค่นั้น วิชาของเขาก็เลยเป็นท่าเตะต่างๆ”ซันจิ” มีความรู้และความเข้าใจพิเศษที่ชื่นชอบเพื่อนฝูงสุดๆซึ่งก็คือ ของกินทุกๆอย่างไม่ว่ายากแค่ไหน เพียงแต่มองดูรับประทานกับสูดดมเพียงแค่ครั้งเดียว ก็ทำครัวนั้นๆออกมาได้ง่ายมาก แถมยังอร่อยสุดๆซะด้วย, แพทย์ประจำเรือ “โทนี่ โทนี่ ช็อปเปอร์” กวางเรนเดียจมูกสีน้ำเงิน ผู้รับประทานผลภูติผี “ฮิโตะ ฮิโตะ” หรือ “ผลมนุษย์” จนกระทั่งทำให้กล่าวได้คิดได้ มีความรู้ความเข้าใจพิเศษสำหรับในการจำแลงหลายแบบอย่าง…

นักโบราณคดี “นิโค โรบิน” สมัยก่อนมือสังหารสาวสวยผู้รับประทานผลภูติผี “ฮานะ ฮานะ” หรือ “ผลแตกหน่อ” คุณสามารถผลิออกแขนออกมานับร้อยเพื่อจัดแจงกับศัตรูได้อย่างสบายๆ, ช่างสร้างเรือไซบอร์ก “แฟรงกี้” ไซบอร์กร่างใหญ่ เขามักประดิษฐ์กลไกรวมทั้งอาวุธต่างๆให้ตนเองรวมถึงเรือเพื่อพร้อมต่อเหตุการณ์ต่างๆ, นักเล่นดนตรีกระดูก “บรุค” ผู้รับประทานผล “โยมิ โยมิ” หรือ “ผลฟื้นคืนชีพ” หากแม้รูปแบบของบรุคจะมองเป็นผี แม้กระนั้นความสามารถกระบี่นั้นเฉียบคมแน่ๆ อีกทั้งสามารถถอดวิญญาณออกสืบได้อีกด้วย รวมทั้งสมาชิกท้ายที่สุด นายท้ายเรือ “จินเบ” มนุษย์นางเงือกปลาฉลามวาฬตัวอ้วนใหญ่ผิวสีฟ้าผู้ใช้คาราเต้กับชาวยิวยิตสุเข้าต่อสู้ จินเบช่วยเหลือพรรคพวกของ “ลูฟี่” จากเหตุการณ์ฉุกเฉินไว้บ่อยมาก

“ลูฟี่” มีพี่ชายร่วมสาบาน 2 คน มันก็คือ “เอส” ลูกชายของราชาโจรสลัดโรเจอร์ ผู้รับประทานผลปีศาจร้าย “เมระ เมระ” ทำให้ใช้พลังเกี่ยวกับไฟได้ แต่ว่าตอนหลัง “เอส” เอาตัวทำปกป้อง “ลูฟี่” จากการจู่โจมของ “ซาค้าง สุกิ” หรือ พล.อ.ประจำทัพเรือ สมญานามสุนัขแดง “อาค้าง อินุ” กระทั่งตนเองเสียชีวิต ถัดมา “ซาโบ”พี่ชายร่วมสาบานของ “ลูฟี่” ที่มั่นใจว่าเสียชีวิตตั้งแต่เด็กนั้น ยังมีชีวิตอยู่ เขากลับมาช่วยน้องชายต่อสู้ในวัวลิเซียม ก่อนเอาชนะอีกข้างจนได้รับประทานผล “เมระ เมระ” ที่ “เอส” เคยถือครองพลังอยู่ “ซาโบ” ใช้พลังของตัวเองช่วยเหลือ “ลูฟี่”

Straightforward Ways to Spice Your Dating Life

Are For you? Essentially, a possibility will come you will confront a channel on your relationship life, as in whatever else which creates more seasoned amsterdam escorts. Pizzazz it up a piece by surveying these Basic steps to Recoup your past affection intrigue:

 

  1. Get yourself available. Most likely the inspiration driving Is that you aren’t putting yourself at a circumstance for a couple of comprehension, why the thing has triumphed. Go out. Choose on another district and regardless, when you aren’t at present anticipating somebody, put your absolute best self. Channel your energies that are certain it won’t go undetected.

 

  1. Folks – lots of these. Approach people and don’t be Reluctant to make the move that is principle. For you’re asking they engage in sexual relations with you, It’s not give it a second thought. It wouldn’t hurt that you attempt to make discussion for making another organization and satisfying with them. Make an effort not to make sex the rule community – talk and have some extraordinary occasions and uncover your customary self to these folks.

 

  1. Examination. At the phase when you and folks blend, Do go to tidy up your meter that is man-dating-man. Attempt to find a pace that you would not go for and you might be stunned to discover something significant which you’ve been feeling the decrease of from the earliest starting point on leaving him , as you keep. Calendars and generics make your life so every so often it’s useful to part from these and investigate depleting. On the off likelihood you need to take you lifetime on an authoritative pickup, don’t miss to an alternate level.

 

Livening Up Your Dating Life With Speed Dating

Speed was seen as these case Desperate however it will Be pleasure in order to being a simple and robust method for livening up relationship life plus your connection. It is now an option for lots of other amsterdam escorts, even people that are simmering through customs that have been exercising, also it is very valuable regarding their them in order to venture out in addition to their experience a few amazing instant. These folks have discovered which, speed up relationship will come as matters and also a method for changing the rationale. Can leave with other well over the date associated with some other people.

 

Do not really forget which people folks which are Unfortunate do End up at a wonderful time, as they try the craft of speed or not really. In the event your own mindset is a stuff that arouses confidence and also you might never depart situation any kind of worse that you simply just came, you may obviously have fun and look for those who that you may hang out frequently with other, sometimes grabbing the drink at the same time or choosing the a film night to obtain the pair. The truth is you could leave using your spirit spouse’s relations, although the Several have envisioned the application. Be certain that you simply aren’t left out believing it is really the waste of time.

 

Speed dating livens the Sort of relationship life you have already got up, More that you simply haven’t engaged for months or years dating enables you to start with some sorts of dates which are. The odds are like you communicate with individuals that you simply’re yourself, huge can be smartphone connections that you simply might use in order to smartphone in addition to their program dates what’s more to any range of dates. 1 speed has got the capability in order to present an huge number of dates for you personally . It is a method for livening your own lifetime in addition to their everyone anyplace must be able to look at the application.

 

If You are looking speed can work wonders for you personally To Get a publication issue to try, of reigniting your connection engine added to the reliable way that way. It has been audacity in order to offer you which confidence, helping anyone in realizing what you desire or anyone do not as well as fashion, but also a couple of coaching in generating a few conversation in addition as living through the entire minutes. It lack finding a connection partner or reawakens the relationship odor which was murdered using a relationship. Speed may well be. Give the application the go and also you won’t ever be let down.

Watch Live Soccer Online

Already, there are countless football fanatics out there who watch live soccer online when television is not available. Soccer has been so popular that it has reached the majority of the countries of the world. With the widespread acceptance of soccer by the various ethnicities, races and cultures, football has become the all- time favorite sport in the planet.

Soccer fanatics from all over the world love to watch their football games on television. Soccer games are more exciting when they are watched live. With the advent of technology, soccer games can already be watched in various thevangtv.com means. The television is not anymore the only medium to watch football games. Options in viewing football matches have become wider as technological advancements set off, although live television coverage remains the conventional way of watching soccer games.

The internet has practically become the most common source of new trends and high tech innovations. Soccer has benefited much from the existence of the internet. Live soccer through the internet is now available. This is beneficial to the soccer enthusiasts who have very limited access to television. This internet technology can now allow live video feeds from soccer stadiums straight to the computers monitors of the fans.

At present the newest trend when it comes to watching live soccer is through the internet. The computer has brought this latest advancement and added convenience in following soccer games. The millions and millions of soccer fans around the world can now enjoy wider access to raw and pure soccer action on the out field. Next time you want to watch soccer games, go and check out your computer and watch live soccer online.

Stair Chair Lift – Key Tips For Selecting the Right Chair Lift For Stairs

It is important to do extensive research for deeper understanding when considering a stair chair lift. There is a lot more to it than simply basing your buying decision on mere pricing. There are other issues like the quality of the materials used, safety features that the chair accords and more. Often there are either hidden costs or quality issues behind the flashy ads that tout the chairs at low prices. It will do you good to ask key questions before you make any serious buying decision.

Depending on where you reside, you might just want to opt for a battery powered machine which runs on DC electricity, especially when you are susceptible to frequent power outages. You do not wish to be stranded halfway lift rumah along the stairs when caught in the middle of a power outage when using home electricity supply. Hence, it is obvious that rechargeable batteries give you more peace of mind and assure functionality when riding on your chair lift for stairs.

Check out the various types of drive systems of the stair chair lift, inclusive of rack and pinion, chains, screw, cable systems. Amongst them, the rack and pinion system is a light duty and silent system that gives you a smooth and safe ride along the stairway. What makes it the most popular amongst the many types of drive systems is its affordability that it accords its users.

The quality and added safety features that the chair lift for stairs. The most important part of the entire system is the railings and the materials used should be made with both aluminum and steel for longevity. In addition, the chair itself should also provide a comfortable sitting experience, with safety features like seat belts, arm rests and foot rest. Some models come with footrest sensor to detect objects which are in the way. Others have remote control panels to help monitor the process for a smooth ride. The most popular safety device that comes with some models is the soft start and stop function which ensures you with a smooth ride. And finally, most capacity of chair lift for stairs range between 300 to 350 pounds which are capable of lifting most users.

The above tips only focus on what a good stair chair lift should comprise of. Your final choice will depend largely on your own needs, preference and budget. Whenever in doubt, always check it out with the manufacturers or the related sales agents for the most suitable chair lift for stairs.