Basic Rules For Soccer Players

Basic soccer rules originated in England (1815), and were refined in 1863, as the game gained popularity and as people began to have more recreational time. Soccer today, known in most of the world outside the U.S. as “Association Football”, is one of the most popular Olympic sports, with its own World Cup games that outdraw even the Olympics by multiples. It has invaded the home living room through television and video games.

Basic soccer rules are for adults, with modifications for youth games. It can be played indoors or outdoors, and on different size fields as long as they are rectangular. A regulation soccer pitch is between 90 and 120 meters long and 45 to 90 meters wide. Referees regulate the play, call fouls and time-outs, stop the game, xem da bong tai and enforce rules. There is one referee with two assistants. A fourth may be added for high level games. They are the only people who can call stoppages or injury time outs. Team managers direct team play formations and strategy.

Soccer teams consist of two teams with 11 players each. The minimum number of players is 7. Players must wear shirts, socks, shorts, footwear and shin guards. Headgear is optional. Jewelry is not allowed due to potential for injuries. The goalkeepers wear easily distinguishable clothing that is unlike that of other players or officials.

The goal of soccer is to win by scoring the most goals. Ties are settled with extra time, penalty shootouts, or called a draw. There are specifications for the single leather covered round soccer ball. Games begin with a kickoff from the center spot by one team. Should play become stopped, there are approved methods for restarting ball action: thrown in, goal kick, corner kick, indirect free kick, direct free kick, penalty kick, and dropped-ball.

Basic soccer rules call for two periods of fifteen minutes each, with a fifteen minute break. Extra time is two 15 minute periods. Misconduct fouls result in a yellow caution card or red sending-off card. Players sent off may not return and the team will not get a replacement. The most complex law is offside, which limits the ability of the forward to remain ahead of the ball, the second to last defense player, and the half-way line.

For players, moving the ball without using arms or hands is the primary rule. Only goalkeepers may use hands or arms to move the ball, and only when they are within their own penalty area by the goal. Players may use feet, and occasionally head or torso. They can move the ball by dribbling, or passing to teammates to score. Opponents get possession of the ball by tacking or intercepting passes. Each team has 10 outfield players and 1 goalkeeper. Strikers attempt to score goals; Defenders try to keep the opponent from scoring; Midfielders try to intercept and control the ball. They can switch positions at will. Substitutions can be made three times, however the substituted player may not return in that game.

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